Recently proposed splits for the family Tapaculos

Chestnut-throated Huet-huet     Pteroptochos castaneus
Philippi & Landbeck   1864
c,s Chile: Colchagua to Concepción and n Bío-Bío. Dense lowland forests and bamboo thickets up to 1500 m.
split from: Pteroptochos tarnii
insert after: Pteroptochos tarnii
Steve N.G. Howell & Sophie Webb,
Species status of the Chestnut-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochus castaneus
Bulletin B.O.C. 115, 3 (1995): 171-177
 

The authors argue that unicolor substantially differs vocally from the three other taxa (latrans, intermedius, subcinereus) that were so far considered conspecific. These three are now separated from unicolor, but might prove to be more than a single species still.

The affinities of unicolor are uncertain; possibly it is related to acutirostris (on the basis of similar vocalisations), but further research is needed. We therefore retain unicolor in its present location in the taxonomic sequence.

Blackish Tapaculo      Scytalopus latrans
Hellmayr   1924
w Venezuela: nominate in Andean ranges; Colombia: nominate in Andean ranges ; Ecuador: nominate on w Andean slope s to n Cañar (2300-3500 m), e slope (1900-2450 m), subcinereus on w slope n to Azuay (1700-4000 m); n Peru: Amazonas, Utcubamba drainage (intermedius)
insert after: Myornis senilis
Paul Coopmans, Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Vocal evidence of species rank for nominate Unicolored Tapaculo Scytalopus unicolor
Bulletin B.O.C. 121 (2001): 208-213
 
Unicolored Tapaculo      Scytalopus unicolor
Salvin   1895
n Peru: s Cajamarca and adjacent La Libertad. E Slopes of w Andes at 2000-3200 m.
 

Krabbe and Schulenberg's seminal paper is an urgently needed revision of the taxonomy of the group of Scytalopi.  This is probably one of the most challenging taxonomic problems in ornithology at present.  These species are almost inseparable by plumage alone, and T&S use song type, body mass and altitudinal distribution as the basis of their arrangement.  Their study is based on taxa found in Ecuador, but the findings have consequences for other forms of Scytalopus. Nevertheless, some open issues remain and the current classification is still "provisional on certain points."

tapaculo.jpg (28944 bytes)
Grey Tapaculo
Scytalopus parvirostris

This bird was trapped at an  approximate altitude of 2600 m, Siberia, depto. Santa Cruz, Bolivia,
January 8th, 1992
© Rolf A. de By

Grey Tapaculo     Scytalopus parvirostris
Zimmer   1939
c Peru: Amazonas (Cord. Colán) s to Cuzco (1800-2400 m); Bolivia: La Paz s to Santa Cruz (2000-3200 m)
split from: Scytalopus unicolor
insert after: Scytalopus unicolor
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Equatorial Rufous-vented Tapaculo     Scytalopus micropterus
(Sclater)   1858
s Colombia: w slope e Andes, e slope of c,e Andes (1500-1900 m); Ecuador: e slope e Andes (1250-2100 m); n Peru: Cajamarca (1700-2000 m)
split from: Scytalopus femoralis
insert after: Scytalopus parvirostris
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

"Brown-rumped" / "Colombia" Tapaculo     Scytalopus infasciatus
Chapman   1915
Colombia: e Andes ?
split from: Scytalopus meridanus
insert after: Scytalopus micropterus
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Southern White-crowned Tapaculo     Scytalopus bolivianus
Allen   1889
se Peru: Puno, Cuzco(?); c Bolivia: La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz s to Chuquisaca (1000-2300m)
split from: Scytalopus femoralis
insert after: Scytalopus infasciatus
Robert S. Ridgely & Guy Tudor,
The Birds of South America, Volume II, The Suboscine Passerines, Oxford, 1994, p. 413-414

Santa Marta Tapaculo     Scytalopus sanctaemartae
Chapman   1915
n Colombia: Santa Marta mountains (900-1700 m)
split from: Scytalopus femoralis
insert after: Scytalopus bolivianus
Robert S. Ridgely & Guy Tudor,
The Birds of South America, Volume II, The Suboscine Passerines, Oxford, 1994, p. 414-415

Northern White-crowned Tapaculo     Scytalopus atratus
Hellmayr   1922
Colombia s to c Peru: e slope of Andes.  Humid, primary forest undergrowth (850-1650 m in Ecu), race confusus in c,w Andes of Colombia
split from: Scytalopus femoralis
insert after: Scytalopus infasciatus
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Mérida Tapaculo     Scytalopus meridanus
Hellmayr   1922
e Colombia?; w Venezuela
split from: Scytalopus latebricola
insert after: Scytalopus vicinior
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Caracas Tapaculo     Scytalopus caracae
Hellmayr   1922
n Venezuela.  Coastal mountains
split from: Scytalopus latebricola
insert after: Scytalopus meridanus
Robert S. Ridgely & Guy Tudor,
The Birds of South America, Volume II, The Suboscine Passerines, Oxford, 1994, p. 416-417

Spillmann's Tapaculo     Scytalopus spillmanni
Stresemann   1937
Colombia: Antioquia, Cauca, Nariño (all c Andes); Ecuador: Napo (e Andes), w Cotopaxi, Carchi
split from: Scytalopus latebricola
insert after: Scytalopus meridanus
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Zimmer's Tapaculo     Scytalopus zimmeri
Bond & Meyer de Schauensee   1940
Bolivia: Chuquisaca, Tarija
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus spillmanni
Niels Krabbe and Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Andean Tapaculo     Scytalopus simonsi
Chubb   1917
s Peru; Bolivia.  Andean range at high altitudes
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus zimmeri
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Cuzco Tapaculo     Scytalopus urubambae
Zimmer   1939
se Peru: Cuzco
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus simonsi
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Sharp-billed Tapaculo     Scytalopus acutirostris
(Tschudi)   1844
c Peru: Huánuco, Pasco.   Forests
split from: Scytalopus acutirostris
insert after: Scytalopus urubambae
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Dusky Tapaculo     Scytalopus fuscus
Gould   1837
c Chile: Atacama to Bío-Bío.  Andes
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus superciliaris
Robert S. Ridgely & Guy Tudor,
The Birds of South America, Volume II, The Suboscine Passerines, Oxford, 1994, p. 419-420

Elfin Forest Tapaculo     Scytalopus altirostris
Zimmer   1939
c Peru: Huánuco.  Treeline shrub
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus magellanicus
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Ancash Tapaculo     Scytalopus affinis
Zimmer   1939
n Peru: Cajamarca, Ancash.  Western Andes
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus altirostris
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Páramo Tapaculo     Scytalopus canus
Chapman   1915
Colombia: Antioquia, Caldas (nominate), Nariño, Cauca (opacus) (2800-2400 m); Ecuador: E Andes (3000-4000 m); Peru: Cajamarca, Piura (2600-3500 m).  Treeline shrub
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus affinis
Niels Krabbe & Thomas S. Schulenberg,
Species limits and natural history of Scytalopus Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae), with descriptions of the Ecuadorian taxa, including three new species
in Ornithological Monographs 48, Studies in Neotropical Ornithology honoring Ted Parker, 1997, p. 47-88

Rufous-rumped Tapaculo     Scytalopus griseicollis
(Lafresnaye)   1840
Colombia: Cundinamarca, Boyacá (2600-3900m); Venezuela: Lara, Trujillo (2500-3300m).   Fairly dry scrub
split from: Scytalopus magellanicus
insert after: Scytalopus canus
Robert S. Ridgely & Guy Tudor,
The Birds of South America, Volume II, The Suboscine Passerines, Oxford, 1994, p. 418-419

Full list of currently

Blackish Tapaculo
Unicolored Tapaculo
Grey Tapaculo
Equatorial Rufous-vented T.
"Brown-rumped"/"Colombia" T.
Southern White-crowned T.
Santa Marta Tapaculo
Northern White-crowned T.
Large-footed Tapaculo
Peruvian Rufous-vented T.
Tacarcuna Tapaculo
Nariño Tapaculo
Mérida Tapaculo
Caracas Tapaculo
Spillmann's Tapaculo
Zimmer's Tapaculo
Andean Tapaculo
Cuzco Tapaculo
Sharp-billed Tapaculo
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo
Brown-rumped Tapaculo
Dusky Tapaculo
Magellanic Tapaculo
Elfin Forest Tapaculo
Ancash Tapaculo
Páramo Tapaculo
Rufous-rumped Tapaculo
White-browed Tapaculo
Mouse-colored Tapaculo
Tall-grass Wetland Tapaculo
Brasilia Tapaculo
Bahia Tapaculo
White-breasted Tapaculo
Chocó Tapaculo
Ecuadorian Tapaculo
Chusquea Tapaculo
Diademed Tapaculo

recognized Scytalopi

Scytalopus latrans
Scytalopus unicolor
Scytalopus parvirostris
Scytalopus micropterus
Scytalopus infasciatus
Scytalopus bolivianus
Scytalopus sanctaemartae
Scytalopus atratus
Scytalopus macropus
Scytalopus femoralis
Scytalopus panamensis
Scytalopus vicinior
Scytalopus meridanus
Scytalopus caracae
Scytalopus spillmanni
Scytalopus zimmeri
Scytalopus simonsi
Scytalopus urubambae
Scytalopus acutirostris
Scytalopus argentifrons
Scytalopus latebricola
Scytalopus fuscus
Scytalopus magellanicus
Scytalopus altirostris
Scytalopus affinis
Scytalopus canus
Scytalopus griseicollis
Scytalopus superciliaris
Scytalopus speluncae
Scytalopus iraiensis
Scytalopus novacapitalis
Scytalopus psychopompus
Scytalopus indigoticus
Scytalopus chocoensis
Scytalopus robbinsi
Scytalopus parkeri
Scytalopus schulenbergi

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