Recently proposed splits for the family Finches and Allies

Pasquet & Thibault's paper was reinterpreted by George Sangster in "Genetic distance as a test of species boundaries in the Citril Finch Serinus citrinella: a critique and taxonomic reinterpretation," Ibis 142, 3 (2000): 487-490. He argues that the genetic distance of 2.7% found by P&T is

sufficient to justify changing the taxonomic treatment of the mainland and Corsican forms. He also states that the vocal differences between the two forms are important particularly when they correlate with differences in morphology and mtDNA.

Corsican Finch     Serinus corsicanus
(Koenig)   1899
s France: Corsica; w Italy: Sardinia, Elba and off-lying islands
split from: Serinus citrinella
insert after: Serinus citrinella
E. Pasquet & J.-C. Thibault,
Genetic differences among mainland and insular forms of the Citril Finch Serinus citrinella
Ibis 139, 4 (1997): 679-684
 

Salvadori's Seedeater     Serinus xantholaemus
Salvadori   1896
s Ethiopia: c Harrar, n Bale, Sidamo.  Semi-arid desert wadis, rocky gorges and dry water courses with scrub
split from: Serinus flavigula
insert after: Serinus flavigula
C. Erard,
Taxonomie des Serins à gorge jaune d'Ethiopie
Oiseau et R.F.O. 44 (1974): 308-323
 

More information on Hispaniolan Crossbill can be found in Craig W. Benkman, Comments on the ecology and status of the Hispaniolan Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera megaplaga), with recommendations for its conservation. Caribbean Journal of Science 30, 3-4 (1994): 250-254.

Hispaniolan Crossbill     Loxia megaplaga
Riley   1916
Hispaniola
split from: Loxia leucoptera
insert after: Loxia curvirostra
P.W. Smith,
The history and taxonomic status of the Hispaniolan Crossbill Loxia megaplaga
Bulletin B.O.C. 117, 4 (1997): 264-271
 

Azores Bullfinch     Pyrrhula murina
du Cane Godman   1866
n Atlantic Ocean: Azores
split from: Pyrrhula pyrrhula
insert after: Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Colin J. Bibby, Trevor D. Charlton & Jaime Ramos,
Studies of West Palearctic birds, 191.   Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina)
British Birds 85, 12 (1992): 677-680
 

Oahu Amakihi     Hemignathus chloris
(Cabanis)   1850
U.S.A.: Hawaiian Islands: Oahu.  Humid montane forests
split from: Hemignathus virens
insert after: Hemignathus wilsoni
Cheryl L. Tarr & Robert C. Fleischer,
Mitochondrial-DNA variation and evolutionary relationships in the Amakihi complex
The Auk 110, 4 (1993): 825-831
 

Greater Akialoa     Hemignathus ellisianus
(Gray)  1859
U.S.A.: Hawaiian Islands: Lanai, Oahu, Kauai
split from: Hemignathus obscurus
insert after: Hemignathus obscurus
S.L. Olson & H.F. James,
Nomenclature of the Hawaiian Akialoas and Nukupuus (Aves: Drepanidini)
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108 (1995): 373-387
 

Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow     Ammodramus nelsoni
Allen   1875
w North America: from sw Canada to n USA; Gulf Coast (winter); Mexico: nw Baja California
split from: Ammodramus caudacutus
insert after: Ammodramus caudacutus
J.S. Greenlaw,
Behavioral and morphological diversification in Sharp-tailed Sparrows (Ammodramus caudacutus) of the Atlantic coast
The Auk 110, 2 (1993): 286-303
 

Spotted Towhee     Pipilo maculatus
Swainson   1827
w North America: from s Canada; Mexico; Guatemala
split from: Pipilo erythrophthalmus
insert after: Pipilo erythrophthalmus
R.M. Ball, Jr. & J.C. Avise,
Mitochondrial DNA phylogeographic differentiation among avian populations and the evolutionary significance of subspecies
The Auk 109, ? (1992): 626-636
 

Half-collared Sparrow     Arremon semitorquatus
Swainson   1827
se Brazil: Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande do Sul
split from: Arremon taciturnus
insert after: Arremon taciturnus
Marcos A. Raposo & Ricardo Parrini,
On the validity of the Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus Swainson, 1827
Bulletin B.O.C. 117, 4, (1997), 294-298
 

Northern Rufous-naped Brush-Finch     Atlapetes latinuchus
(Du Bus de Ghisignies)   1855
sw Colombia; c Ecuador; nw Peru
split from: Atlapetes rufinucha
insert after: Atlapetes rufinucha
Jaime García-Moreno & Jon Fjeldså,
Re-evaluation of species limits in the genus Atlapetes based on mtDNA sequence data
Ibis 141, 2 (1999): 199-207
 

Apurímac Brush-Finch     Atlapetes forbesi
Morrison   1947
sc Peru: Apurímac
split from: Atlapetes rufigenis
insert after: Atlapetes schistaceus
Jaime García-Moreno & Jon Fjeldså,
Re-evaluation of species limits in the genus Atlapetes based on mtDNA sequence data
Ibis 141, 2 (1999): 199-207
 

Grey Brush-Finch     Atlapetes canigenis
Chapman   1919
c Peru: Huánuco to Cuzco
split from: Atlapetes schistaceus
insert after: Atlapetes forbesi
Jaime García-Moreno & Jon Fjeldså,
Re-evaluation of species limits in the genus Atlapetes based on mtDNA sequence data
Ibis 141, 2 (1999): 199-207
 

Black-faced Brush-Finch     Atlapetes melanolaemus
Sclater & Salvin   1879
se Peru: depts. Puno and Cuzco
split from: Atlapetes rufinucha
insert after: Atlapetes melanops
Jaime García-Moreno & Jon Fjeldså,
Re-evaluation of species limits in the genus Atlapetes based on mtDNA sequence data
Ibis 141, 2 (1999): 199-207
 

Vilcabamba Brush-Finch     Atlapetes terborghi
Remsen   1993
se Peru: Cuzco, Cordillera Vilcabamba
split from: Atlapetes rufinucha
insert after: Atlapetes melanops
Jaime García-Moreno & Jon Fjeldså,
Re-evaluation of species limits in the genus Atlapetes based on mtDNA sequence data
Ibis 141, 2 (1999): 199-207
 

Chiriqui Yellowthroat     Geothlypis chiriquensis
Salvin   1872
sw Costa Rica; w Panama. Meadows, marshes and savanna.
split from: Geothlypis aequinoctialis
insert after: Geothlypis aequinoctialis
B. Patricia Escalante-Pliego,
Genetic differentiation in yellowthroats (Parulinae: Geothlypis)
Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici (1992): 333-341
 

Black-lored Yellowthroat     Geothlypis auricularis
Salvin   1884
w Ecuador to; c Peru: s to Ica (all nominate, on Pacific slope), upper Río Marañón valley (peruviana)
split from: Geothlypis aequinoctialis
insert after: Geothlypis chiriquensis
B. Patricia Escalante-Pliego,
Genetic differentiation in yellowthroats (Parulinae: Geothlypis)
Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici (1992): 333-341
 

Southern Yellowthroat     Geothlypis velata
(Vieillot)   1808
se Peru; n,e Bolivia; s Brazil: from Mato Grosso, Goiás, s Piauí & Bahia s; Paraguay; Uruguay; n Argentina: s to San Luis, Córdoba & n Buenos Aires
split from: Geothlypis aequinoctialis
insert after: Geothlypis auricularis
B. Patricia Escalante-Pliego,
Genetic differentiation in yellowthroats (Parulinae: Geothlypis)
Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici (1992): 333-341
 

Puno Hemispingus      Hemispingus auricularis
(Cabanis)   1873
e Peru: Piura s to Pasco and Cuzco
split from: Hemispingus atropileus
insert after: Hemispingus atropileus
J. García-Moreno, J. Ohlson & J. Fjeldså,
MtDNA sequences support monophyly of Hemispingus tanagers
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21, 3 (2001): 424-435
 
Piura Hemispingus      Hemispingus piurae
Chapman   1924
s Ecuador: s Loja; n Peru: w Andes s to s Cajamarca
split from: Hemispingus melanotis
insert after: Hemispingus melanotis
J. García-Moreno, J. Ohlson & J. Fjeldså,
MtDNA sequences support monophyly of Hemispingus tanagers
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21, 3 (2001): 424-435
 

Western Chat-Tanager     Calyptophilus tertius
Wetmore   1929
Haïti: s and Gonâve Island
split from: Calyptophilus frugivorus
insert after: Calyptophilus frugivorus
American Ornithologists' Union,
Forty-first supplement to American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds
The Auk 114, 3 (1997): 542-552
 

Cherrie's Tanager     Ramphocelus costaricensis
Cherrie   1891
s Costa Rica: from Carara s; w Panama.  Pacific coast
split from: Ramphocelus passerinii
insert after: Ramphocelus passerinii
S.J. Hackett,
Molecular Phylogenetics and biogeography of tanagers in the genus Ramphocelus (Aves)
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5 (1996): 368-382
 

Hispaniolan Stripe-headed Tanager     Spindalis dominicensis
(Bryant)   1866
Hispaniola, incl. Gonâve Island
split from: Spindalis zena
insert after: Spindalis zena
Orlando H. Garrido, K.C. Parkes, G.B. Reynard & R. Sutton,
Taxonomy of the Stripe-headed Tanager, genus Spindalis (Aves: Thraupidae) of the West Indies
Wilson Bulletin 109 (1997): 561-594
 

Puerto Rican Stripe-headed Tanager     Spindalis portoricensis
(Bryant)  1866
Puerto Rico
split from: Spindalis zena
insert after: Spindalis dominicensis
Orlando H. Garrido, K.C. Parkes, G.B. Reynard & R. Sutton,
Taxonomy of the Stripe-headed Tanager, genus Spindalis (Aves: Thraupidae) of the West Indies
Wilson Bulletin 109 (1997): 561-594
 

Jamaican Stripe-headed Tanager     Spindalis nigricephala
(Jameson)   1835
Jamaica
split from: Spindalis zena
insert after: Spindalis portoricensis
Orlando H. Garrido, K.C. Parkes, G.B. Reynard & R. Sutton,
Taxonomy of the Stripe-headed Tanager, genus Spindalis (Aves: Thraupidae) of the West Indies
Wilson Bulletin 109 (1997): 561-594
 

Streaked Saltator     Saltator striatipectus
Lafresnaye   1847
sw Costa Rica to w Peru.  Lowlands
split from: Saltator albicollis
insert after: Saltator albicollis
G. Seutin, J. Brawn, R.E. Ricklefs & E. Bermingham,
Genetic divergence among populations of a tropical passerine, the Streaked Saltator (Saltator albicollis)
The Auk 110, 1 (1993): 117-126
 

Bullock's Oriole     Icterus bullockii
(Swainson)   1827
w North America; Central America: south to Costa Rica (winter)
split from: Icterus galbula
insert after: Icterus galbula
S. Freeman & Robert M. Zink,
A phylogenetic study of the blackbirds based on variation in mitochondrial DNA restriction sites
Systematic Biology 44, 3 (1995): 409-420
 

Black-backed / Abeille's Oriole     Icterus abeillei
(Lesson)   1839
Mexico: central plateau and e.  Riparian woodlands
split from: Icterus galbula
insert after: Icterus bullockii
S. Freeman & Robert M. Zink,
A phylogenetic study of the blackbirds based on variation in mitochondrial DNA restriction sites
Systematic Biology 44, 3 (1995): 409-420
 

Red-shouldered / Cuban Red-winged Blackbird     Agelaius assimilis
Lembeye   1850
Cuba and Isle of Pines
split from: Agelaius phoeniceus
insert after: Agelaius phoeniceus
Orlando H. Garrido & Arturo Kirkconnell,
Taxonomic status of the Cuban form of the Red-winged Blackbird
Wilson Bulletin 108, 2 (1996): 372-374

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