Fossil records for the family Rails

Gallirallus ripleyi
Steadman   1986
Holocene of Mangaia, s Cook Islands, sc Pacific Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: associated ditaal part tibiotarsus and complete tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: coracoïd and mandibula

David W. Steadman,
Two new species of rails (Aves: Rallidae) from Mangaia, southern Cook Islands
Pacific Science 40 (1986): 38-54


Gallirallus huiatua
Steadman, Worthy, Anderson & Walter   2000
Holocene of Niue, Savage Islands, sw Pacific Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: proximal part ulna, femur shaft, distal part tibiotarsus

David W. Steadman, Trevor H. Worthy, Atholl J. Anderson & Richard Walter,
New species and records of birds from prehistoric sites on Niue, Southwest Pacific
The Wilson Bulletin 112 (2000): 165-186


Dryolimnas augusti
Mourer-Chauviré, Bour, Ribes & Moutou   1999
Holocene of Réunion, w Mascarene Islands, wc Indian Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: both tarsometatarsi
Secondary materials: Paratypes: fragment left mandibula, sacrum, coracoïd, humeri, ulna, femora, tibiotarsi, pedal phalanges, vertebrae

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, Roger Bour, Sonia Ribes & François Moutou,
The avifauna of Réunion Island (Mascarene Islands) at the time of the arrival of the first Europeans
in Avian Paleontology at the Close of the 20th Century: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Washington, D.C., 4-7 June 1996. Storrs L. Olson editor 89 (1999): 1-38


Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi
(Forbes)   1892
Holocene of Chatham Islands, sw Pacific Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: complete skeletons

Storrs L. Olson,
A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae
In Rails of the world: A monograph of the family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley, Codline, Boston (1977): 509-525


Atlantisia elpenor
Olson   1973
Holocene (extinction ± 1700 AD) of Ascension Island, s Atlantic Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: nearly all other bones

Storrs L. Olson,
Evolution of the rails of the south Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae)
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 152 (1973): 1-53


Atlantisia podarces
(Wetmore)   1963
Holocene (extinction ± 1600 AD) of St. Helena, s Atlantic Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: distal part left tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Other:nearly all skeletal parts

Storrs L. Olson,
Evolution of the rails of the south Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae)
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 152 (1973): 1-53


Porzana rua
Steadman   1986
Holocene of Mangaia, s Cook Islands, sc Pacific Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: complete humerus, tarsometatarsi
Secondary materials: Paratypes: ulnae, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi, humerus, femur

David W. Steadman,
Two new species of rails (Aves: Rallidae) from Mangaia, southern Cook Islands
Pacific Science 40 (1986): 38-54


Porzana ziegleri
Olson & James   1991
Holocene of Oahu, Hawaiian Islands
Primary materials: Holotype: right tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: cranium, mandibula, pelvis, right humeri, ulnae, carpometacarpi, femora, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi

Storrs L. Olson & Helen F. James,
Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes
Ornithological Monographs 45 (1991)
The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D.C.


Porzana menehune
Olson & James   1991
Holocene of Molokai, Hawaiian Islands
Primary materials: Holotype: right tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: humeri, ulnae, carpometacarpi, femora, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi

Storrs L. Olson & Helen F. James,
Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes
Ornithological Monographs 45 (1991)
The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D.C.


Porzana keplerorum
Olson & James   1991
Holocene of Maui, e Hawaiian Islands
Primary materials: Holotype: right tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: skull, humeri, tibiotarsi, sternum, ulnae, carpometacarpus, femora, tarsometatarsi

Storrs L. Olson & Helen F. James,
Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes
Ornithological Monographs 45 (1991)
The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D.C.


Porzana ralphorum
Olson & James   1991
Holocene of Oahu, Hawaiian Islands
Primary materials: Holotype: right tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratype: humerus, left femur, right tibiotarsi

Storrs L. Olson & Helen F. James,
Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes
Ornithological Monographs 45 (1991)
The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D.C.


Porzana severnsi
Olson & James   1991
Holocene of Maui, e Hawaiian Islands
Primary materials: Holotype: associated, nearly complete skeleton
Secondary materials: Paratypes: complete mandibulae, humeri, femora, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi

Storrs L. Olson & Helen F. James,
Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes
Ornithological Monographs 45 (1991)
The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D.C.


Porzana astrictocarpus
Olson   1973
Late Holocene (extinction after 1502 AD) of St. Helena, s Atlantic Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: nearly complete skeleton

Storrs L. Olson,
Evolution of the rails of the south Atlantic Islands (Aves: Rallidae)
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 152 (1973): 1-53


Aphanapteryx leguati
(Milne-Edwards)   1874
Subrecent, Rodrigues, e Mascarene Islands, wc Indian Ocean
Primary materials: Syntypes: sternum, tarsometatarsus, craniumfragment
Secondary materials: Other: crania, both mandibles, pelvis, scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpometacarpus, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus

Storrs L. Olson,
A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae
In Rails of the world: A monograph of the family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley, Codline, Boston (1977): 509-525


Porphyrio caerulescens
(Sélys-Longchamps)   1848
Quaternary of Réunion, w Mascarene Islands, wc Indian Ocean
Primary materials: Only known from historic reports

Storrs L. Olson,
A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae
In Rails of the world: A monograph of the family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley, Codline, Boston (1977): 509-525


Porphyrio kukwiedei
Balouet & Olson   1989
Holocene of New Caledonia
Primary materials: Holotype: tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Paratypes: premaxilla, quadratum, vertebra, scapula, humeri, ulna, tibiotarsus

Jean Christophe Balouet & Storrs L. Olson,
Fossil birds from late Quaternary deposits in New Caledonia
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 469 (1989): 1-38
Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.


Porphyrio paepae
Steadman   1988
Holocene of Tahuata and Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, sc Pacific Ocean
Primary materials: Holotype: femur
Secondary materials: Paratype: pelvis, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi, carpometacarpus, synsacrum, femora

David W. Steadman,
A new species of Porphyrio (Aves: Rallidae) from archaeological sites in the Marquesas Islands
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 101 (1988): 162-170


Fulica newtonii
Milne-Edwards   1867
Quaternary of Mauritius, w Mascarene Islands, wc Indian Ocean
Primary materials: Syntypes: Pelvis, tarsometatarsus, tibiotarsus
Secondary materials: Other: bones of at least 24 individuals amongst which femur, sternum, humerus, cervical vertebrae, premaxilla, ulna

Storrs L. Olson,
A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae
In Rails of the world: A monograph of the family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley, Codline, Boston (1977): 509-525


Nesotrochis debooyi
Wetmore   1918
Holocene of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands
Primary materials: Type: right femur
Secondary materials: Other: Femora, tibiotarsi, sacrum, humerus, tarsometatarsus

Alexander Wetmore,
Bones of birds collected by Theodoor de Booy from Kitchen Midden deposits in the islands of St. Thomas and St. Croix
Proceedings of the United States National Museum 54, 2245 (1918): 513-522


Nesotrochis picapicensis
(Fischer & Stephan)   1971
Quaternary of Cuba
Primary materials: Holotype: left humerus
Secondary materials: Other: Humeri, pelvis, femora, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi, vertebrae, cranium

Karlheinz Fischer & B. Stephan,
Weitere Vogelreste aus dem Pleistozän der Pio-Domingo-Höhle in Kuba
Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universität Berlin Math.-Nat. R. 20 (1971): 593-607


Nesotrochis steganinos
Olson   1974
Pleistocene of Haiti
Primary materials: Holotype: right tarsometatarsus
Secondary materials: Other: tarsometatarsus, humeri, tibiotarsus fragment, femora

Storrs L. Olson,
A new species of Nesotrochis from Hispaniola, with notes on other fossil rails from the West Indies (Aves: Rallidae)
Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 87, 38 (1974): 439-450


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